Friday, November 18, 2011

November 18

Dedication of the Basilicas of Saints Peter + Paul  (Roman Catholic)


Feast of Saint Rose Philppine Duchesne  (Roman Catholic)


Independence Day in Latvia  (1918)


National Day in Oman  (1940)


Independence Day in Morocco  (1956)




ROYAL BIRTHDAY

Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said of Oman   {1940}



ROYAL WEDDING ANNIVERSARY

Prince Joachim of Denmark & Alexandra Manley   {1995} [separated Sep. 16, 2004; divorced April 8, 2005]




























HISTORICAL ROYAL EVENTS

401   The Visigoths, led by King Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.

1105   Maginulfo is elected the Antipope as Sylvester IV.

1210   Pope Innocent III excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.

1302   Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam (One Faith).

1494   King Charles VIII of France occupies Florence, Italy.

1601   Tiryaki Hasan Pasha, provincial governor of the Ottoman Empire, utterly defeats Habsburg forces, commanded by Arcchduke Ferdinand of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.

1686   Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practicing the surgery on several peasants.

1730   Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia (later King Friedrich II "the Great" of Prussia) is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.

1863   King Christian IX of Denmark decided to sign the November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark.  This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and leads to the German-Danish War of 1864.


1905   Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.


HISTORICAL ROYAL BIRTHS

1630   Holy Roman Empress consort Eleanora [Gonzaga] (d.1686)


1772   Prince Friedrich Ludwig Christian {aka Louis Ferdinand} of Prussia (d.1806)


1774   Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, Queen consort Wilhelmine of the Netherlands, Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg (d.1837)


1856   Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (d.1929)



DEATHS

1154   Queen consort Adelaide of France


1305   Yann/Jean II, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond

1785   King Louis Philippe I of the French

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