HISTORICAL ROYAL EVENTS
1284 The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England.
1575 Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1861 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto freeing serfs.
1878 Bulgaria regains its independence from the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano.
1904 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
1905 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma.
1924 The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed.
HISTORICAL ROYAL BIRTHS
1455 King John II of Portugal (d.1495)
1778 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d.1841)
HISTORICAL ROYAL DEATHS
1111 Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch
1239 Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev
1554 John Frederick, Elector of Saxony
1707 Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India