Feast Day of Saint Jean Baptiste (St. John the Baptist)/St.John's Day/Midsummer Day
HISTORICAL ROYAL EVENTS
109 Emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometers (25 miles) northwest of Rome.
637 The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is the largest battle in the history of Ireland.
1128 The Battle of Sao Mamede, near Guimaraes: forces led by Afonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of Leon, and her lover Fernando Perez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique.
1314 The First War of Scottish Independence: the Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton.
1340 The Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys - The French fleet is almost destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.
1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.
1902 King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
1932 A bloodless revolution instigated by the People's Party end the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (Thailand).
1985 The STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery completes its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (grandson of King Abdul-Aziz "Ibn Saud" of Saudi Arabia), the first Arab, the first Muslim and the first member of royalty in space, as a Payload Specialist. He is also a nephew of the current King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
HISTORICAL ROYAL BIRTHS
1244 Heinrich I "the Child", Landgrave of Hesse (d.1308)
1343 Jeanne/Joan/Joanna of Valois (aka of France), Queen consort of Navarre (d.1373)
1535 Archduchess Juana/Joan of Austria, Infanta of Castile + Aragon, Princess of Burgundy + Flanders, Princess of Portugal
1825 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nicolaevna of Russia, Princess of Hesse-Kassel (d.1844)
1860 Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain, Queen consort of Spain (d.1878)
1869 Prince George of Greece + Denmark
238 Maximinus Thrax (Maximinus I), Roman Emperor
1398 Emperor Hongwu, founder of the Ming Dynasty of China
1439 Duke Friedrich IV of Further Austria, Count of Tyrol
1519 Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara