Thursday, November 10, 2011

November 9

Eid al-Adha, last day  (Islam)

World Freedom Day

Independence Day in Cambodia  (1953)


Tsarevich Alexander of Russia & Princess Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar of Denmark (known as Grand Duchess Maria Feodrovna of Russia upon her conversion to Orthodoxy shortly before the marriage, and until her father-in-law's death in 1881) (the future Tsar Alexander III & Tsarina Maria Feodorovna of Russia)   {1866} [New style date in Nov. 9; Old style date is Oct. 28]

King Michael of Romania & Queen Anne of Romania   {1966} [Roman Catholic ceremony; the Eastern Orthodox ceremony was on June 10, 1948]


1282   Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.

1313   King Ludwig "the Bavarian", Duke of Bavaria [the future Ludwig IV, King of Germany (King of the Romans), King of Italy, + Holy Roman Emperor], defeats Friedrich I "the Fair/Handsome", Duke of Austria + Styria [the future Friedrich III, King of Germany (King of the Romans)] at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.

1330   Battle of Posada:  Prince Basarab I "the Founder" of Wallachia defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush.

1456   Count Ulrich II of Celje, last prince of the Celje principality, is assassinated in Belgrade.

1492   Peace of Etaples between King Henry VII of England and King Charles VIII "the Affable" of France.

1494   The Family de' Medici are expelled from Florence.

1688   The Glorious Revolution:  Prince William/Willem III of Orange captures Exeter.

1697   Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia [in the province of Ravenna in central Italy].

1867   Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.

1907   The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII of the United Kingdom on his birthday.

1918   Kaiser/Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, King of Prussia,  abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.


1389   Princess Isabella of France [of Valois], Queen consort of England (d.1409)

1414   Albrecht III Achilles, Prince-Elector of Brandenburg (d.1486)

1799   Crown Prince Gustavus of Sweden, Prince Vasa, Count of Itterburg (d.1877)

1841   King Edward VII of the United Kingdom of Great Britain + Ireland and the British Dominions, Emperor of India (d.1910)


959   Constantine II, Byzantine Emperor

1187   Emperor Gaozong of Song China

1208   Infanta Sancha of Castile, Queen consort of Aragon

1456   Count Ulrich II of Celje

1516   King Fernando II "the Catholic" of Aragon, King of Sicily, Naples, Valencia, Sardinia, + Navarre, Count of Barcelona, King of Castile [as Fernando V]

1581   King Bayinnaung of Burma

1641   Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain, Archduke of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Archbishop of Toledo

1953   King Abdul Aziz al-Saud of Saudi Arabia 

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