Monday, January 16, 2012

January 16, 2012

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (USA)

Flag Day {Magen David Day} in Israel

Teacher's Day in Thailand

Mattu Pongal (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, & Karnataka in India)


King Fuad II of Egypt   {1952}

Eliza Lopes   {2008} [daughter of Laura Lopes (daughter of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall {daughter-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain + Northern Ireland})]


27 BC   Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus "Octavius/Octavian" is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.

929   Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III establishes the Caliphate of Cordoba.

1120   The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1412   The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.

1492   The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Queen Isabella I of Aragon, Castile + Leon.

1547   Ivan IV {"the Terrible"} becomes Tsar of Russia.

1556   Felipe II "the Prudent" becomes King of Spain.  He is already King of Naples, King[-consort] of England + Ireland, and later becomes King of Portugal as well.

1707   The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.

1979   Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi [of Iran] flees Iran with his family and relocates to Egypt.


1093   Caesar/Sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos of the Byzantine Empire {brother of Emperor John II Komnenos of the Byzantine Empire & son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos of the Byzantine Empire} (d.after 1152)

1245   Prince Edmund "Crouchback" of England, 1st Earl of Leicester + Lancaster {son of King Henry III of England & brother of King Edward I of England} (d.1296)

1409   King Rene/Rainier "Good King Rene" I of Naples, Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence, Count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar, King of Jerusalem + Aragon (d.1480)

1516   King Bayinnaung of Burma (d.1581)

1836   King Francesco II of the Two Sicilies (d.1894)


1387   Elizabeth/Elizabeta/Erzsebet/Elzbieta of Bosnia, Queen consort of Hungary (1353-1382), Queen of Poland (1370-1382)

1710   Emperor Higashiyama of Japan

1942   Prince Arthur of the United Kingdom of Great Britain + Ireland, Duke of Connaught + Strathearn, Earl of Sussex, Prince of Saxe-Coburg + Gotha (until 1917), Duke of Saxony (until 1917)

1957   Major-General The Right Honourable Sir Alexander "Alge" Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Viscount Trematon {Prince Alexander of Teck 1874-1917} (great-grandson of King George III & brother of Queen consort Mary)

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