Thursday, January 5, 2012

January 5, 2012

Twelfth Day of Christmas / "Twelfth Night"  (Western Christianity)

Tenth of Tevet  (Judaism)


Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg   {1921}

King Juan Carlos I of Spain   {1938}


1066   King Saint Edward "the Confessor" of England dies childless, sparking a succession crisis that will eventually lead to the Norman conquest of England.

1477   Battle of Nancy:  Charles "the Bold/the Rash/the Terrible", Duke of Burgundy, is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.

1500   Duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan conquers (actually returned & re-entered) Milan.

1757   King Louis XV of France survives an assassination attempt by Robert-Francois Damiens, the last person to be executed in France by drawing and quartering, the traditional and gruesome form of capital punishment used for regicides.


1209   Prince Richard of England, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, King of the Romans (d.1272)

1592   Emperor Shah Jahan of Mughal India (d.1666)

1614   Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (d.1662)


1066   King Saint Edward "the Confessor" of England

1387   King Pere/Pero/Pedro IV "the Ceremonious" of Aragon, King of Sardinia + Corsica [as Pedro I], King of Valencia [as Pedro II], Count of Barcelona

1448   King Christopher/Cristofforus/Christoffer/Kristofer "the Bavarian" of Denmark [as III], Norway + Sweden, King of the Wends + the Goths, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria

1465   Charles, Duke of Orleans, Duke of Valois, Count of Beaumont-sur-Oise, Count of Blois, Lord of Coucy

1477   Charles "the Bold/the Rash/the Terrible", Duke of Burgundy, Count of Charolais, Duke of Brabant, Limburg, Lothier + Luxembourg, Margrave of Namur, Count Palatine of Burgundy, Count of Artois, Flanders, Hainault, Holland + Zeeland, Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen

1589   Catherine/Caterina de' Medici, Queen consort of France, Countess of Auvergne

1762   Empress Elizabeth/Elizaveta of Russia, Empress + Autocrat of All the Russias [Jan. 6, 1762 is the New Style date; Old Style date is Dec. 25, 1761]

1997   Prince Bertil of Sweden, Duke of Halland

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