Sunday, December 18, 2011

December 17

O Antiphons  (Roman Catholic)

Advent Embertide  (Roman Catholic, Anglican, & some Lutheran + Episcopal churches)

Wright Brothers Day  (USA)

National Day in Bhutan

Las Posadas  (Roman Catholic; Mexico, Latin America & Southwestern USA) 


James [Mountbatten-]Windsor, Viscount Severn (technically Prince James of Wessex)   {2007} [son of The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain + Northern Ireland)]


920   Romanos I is crowned co-emperor of the underage Emperor Constantine VII of the Byzantine Empire.

942   Assassination of William [Guillaume/Willermus] I "Longsword", Duke/Count of Normandy.

1398   Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmud of Delhi's armies in Delhi are defeated by Timur [Temur/Tamerlane]"the Lame", Amir of the Timurid Empire.

1538   Pope Paul III excommunicates King Henry VIII of England.

1577   Francis Drake sails from Plymouth, England, on a secret mission to explore the Pacific Coast of the Americas for Queen Elizabeth I of England.

1583   Cologne War:  Forces under Prince-Elector-Archbishop Ernst of Cologne (son of Albrecht V, Duke of Bavaria) defeats troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the Seige of Godesberg.

1586   Go-Yozei becomes Emperor of Japan.

1600   Marriage of King Henri IV of France + Navarre and Princess Maria/Marie de' Medici of Tuscany.

1837   Fire in the Winter Palace of Saint Petersburg, Russia occurred.

1907   Ugyen Wangchuck is crowned first King of Bhutan.

1960   Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia crush the coup that began Dec. 13, returning power to their leader upon his return from Brazil.  Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.

2005   King Jigme Singye Wangchuck announces his intention to abdicate the throne as King of Bhutan. He officially abdicates on Dec. 14, 2006.


1267   Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (d.1324)

1619   Prince Rupert/Ruprecht of the Rhine, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, 1st Duke of Cumberland, 1st Earl of Holderness (d.1682)

1734   Queen Maria I "the Pious/the Mad" of Portugal, Brazil, + the Algarves (d.1816)

1887   Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz, The German Empress consort, Queen consort of Prussia (d.1947)


535   Emperor Ankan of Japan

942   William I "Longsword", Duke/Count of Normandy

1187   Pope Gregory VIII

1195   Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut, Count of Flanders (as the VIII), Margrave of Namur (as the I)

1663   Queen [Ana de Sousa] Nzinga Mbande of Ndongo + Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people (in Southwestern Africa)

1847  Archduchess Marie Louise [Maria Ludovica] of Austria, Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary + Bohemia, Empress consort of the French + Queen consort of Italy (1810-1814), Duchess consort of Parma + Piacenza (1814-1847)

1860   Queen consort Desiree/Desideria [Bernardine Eugenie Desiree] of Sweden + Norway 

1909   King Leopold II of the Belgians 

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